Jsna Banner

Population Demography   Download this section

Demography is the statistical study of human populations. “Demo” means “the people” and “graphy” means “measurement”. It is a science that can be applied to any kind of dynamic living population, i.e., one that changes over time or space. It aims to study the size, structure and distribution of populations and any changes in them in relation to birth, migration, ageing and death.

Demographic analysis can be applied to whole societies or to groups defined by criteria such as education, nationality, religion or ethnicity.

The population pyramid below summarises the number of males and females who make up York’s resident population by age bandings. This gives a visual representation of the number of men and women by age who live in York. 

It shows the number of people living within the City of York Local Authority boundary by gender and 5 year age band.

The darker outlines show the population profile of the England population.

 

Population pyramid for York based on mid year 2012 census

This shows that York has more 15-24 year olds and more 70-85+ year olds than the England profile.

York Population Pyramid

Source:  ONS mid 2012 population figures

Office for National Statistics (ONS) mid 2012 population estimates show population figures by age banding. York’s population by age banding is shown below.

 

Population by broad age category based on 2012 mid year estimates

Age band

2012 population estimate all population

2012 estimate male

2012 estimate female

0-18

38,760

19,737

19,023

19 - 64

126,453

62,667

63,786

65 - 84

29,797

13,394

16,403

85+

5,008

1,685

3,323

TOTAL

200,018

97,483

102,535

 

The decrease in York’s 5-14 year old age group is similar to regional and national figures. However, there has been a large increase in the 0-4 age population, especially for children 2 years and under. The regional increase for this group was 12.5% compared to York’s 13.9%. In the coming years York will see an increase in demand for childcare and primary school places.

Detailed population by age group is given in the tables below for each year of age (taken from Office for National Statistics mid 2012 population estimates).

 

Population by gender: ages 0-18

Age

Population by Gender

 

 

Age

Population by Gender

 

 

Males

Females

TOTAL

 

 

Males

Females

TOTAL

 

 

 

 

 

9

917

878

1,795

0

1,099

1,053

2,152

 

10

922

880

1,802

1

1,137

1,035

2,172

 

11

922

914

1,836

2

1,048

1,072

2,120

 

12

949

877

1,826

3

1,080

1,043

2,123

 

13

994

979

1,973

4

1,091

1,045

2,136

 

14

1,037

949

1,986

5

1,076

1,076

2,152

 

15

1,057

990

2,047

6

1,005

1,008

2,013

 

16

1,039

986

2,025

7

1,015

959

1,974

 

17

1,062

986

2,048

8

964

923

1,887

 

18

1,323

1,370

2,693

 

10% of York’s population are aged between 20-24 years old. This is greater than both regional (7.2%) and national (6.8%) figures. 

Population by gender: ages 19-64

Age Population by Gender     Age Population by Gender  
  Males Females TOTAL     Males Females TOTAL
19 2,158 2,576 4,734   42 1,318 1,413 2,731
20 2,463 2,815 5,278   43 1,327 1,410 2,737
21 2,479 2,589 5,068   44 1,325 1,399 2,724
22 2,166 1,990 4,156   45 1,378 1,367 2,745
23 1,712 1,578 3,290   46 1,332 1,326 2,658
24 1,572 1,569 3,141   47 1,379 1,392 2,771
25 1,560 1,369 2,929   48 1,418 1,454 2,872
26 1,410 1,432 2,842   49 1,283 1,326 2,609
27 1,436 1,454 2,890   50 1,330 1,378 2,708
28 1,530 1,331 2,861   51 1,241 1,340 2,581
29 1,393 1,320 2,713   52 1,171 1,271 2,442
30 1,398 1,309 2,707   53 1,222 1,122 2,344
31 1,391 1,373 2,764   54 1,189 1,244 2,433
32 1,283 1,339 2,622   55 1,135 1,139 2,274
33 1,234 1,266 2,500   56 1,064 1,115 2,179
34 1,211 1,201 2,412   57 1,043 1,108 2,151
35 1,181 1,127 2,308   58 1,048 1,076 2,124
36 1,138 1,142 2,280   59 1,017 1,076 2,093
37 1,238 1,189 2,427   60 1,032 1,034 2,066
38 1,212 1,198 2,410   61 1,043 1,064 2,107
39 1,246 1,247 2,493   62 1,045 1,114 2,159
40 1,343 1,352 2,695   63 1,043 1,172 2,215
41 1,408 1,413 2,821   64 1,122 1,267 2,389

 

 Population by gender: ages 65-84

Age Population by Gender     Age Population by Gender  
  Males Females TOTAL     Males Females TOTAL
65 1,234 1,395 2,629   75 674 822 1,496
66 1,009 1,046 2,055   76 644 799 1,443
67 905 1,013 1,918   77 612 789 1,401
68 903 999 1,902   78 511 709 1,220
69 812 938 1,750   79 569 647 1,216
70 742 877 1,619   80 495 646 1,141
71 678 818 1,496   81 449 667 1,116
72 687 853 1,540   82 387 603 990
73 711 835 1,546   83 374 555 929
74 684 858 1,542   84 314 534 848

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 85+ age group has grown more (38%) than regionally (20%) or nationally (23%). The increased number of 85+ year olds in York may be due in part to increased longevity but also to the very elderly in rural areas outside York moving into towns and cities, particularly those with hospital facilities.

 

Population by gender: ages 85-90+

Age

Population by Gender

 

 

Males

Females

TOTAL

85

314

510

824

86

283

451

734

87

210

369

579

88

191

346

537

89

176

359

535

90+

511

1,288

1,799

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The map below shows the levels of deprivation in the York local authority boundary and is based on Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010 (IMD 2010) scores. These combine a number of indicators, chosen to cover a range of economic, social and housing issues, into a single deprivation score for each small area in England. It shows some detailed information about the levels of deprivation in York. This is based on Indices of Multiple Deprivation scores. 

In this map, the blue shading shows the areas within each ward that have the highest levels of deprivation. The black areas represent the least deprived areas within York.

 

Indices Of Multiple Deprivation

 

 

The following table shows Local Authority outcomes against the national average and against a ‘cluster’ average. York’s performance is represented by the red diamond. The national average is represented by the blue dotted line. The cluster average is represented by the yellow markers and this measure compares York to similar local authorities within the country. 

The following graphic summarises all of these measures. The full range of Local Authority outcome measures can be accessed from NHS England.

Local Authority Outcomes

York performs better or equal to the national average against all measures. 

When compared to similar Local Authority areas, York performs better against some measures but worse against others.

References

This page was last updated on 02 July 2015
This page will be reviewed by 02 July 2016